Armenia is a country in western Asia. The country has a population of 3 million (in 2015). The capital of Armenia is Yerevan. The neighboring countries are Georgia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Turkey. Armenia declared independence on September 23, 1991.
Armenia is a mountainous country. However, the country has a variety of scenery and geologic instability. Therefore, Armenia is prone to earthquakes. The highest peak in the country is Mount Ararat. There are no lowlands in Armenia.
The average climate of Armenia is dry and continental. Summer is usually long and hot. On the contrary, winter is not generally cold. Autumn is mild and sunny and is the most pleasant season. The yearly rainfall at mountain slopes is 800 mm. On the other hand, inlands and plains receive 200 – 400 mm of rainfall. About two-thirds of total precipitation evaporates. One-third of the precipitation percolates into rocks.
Armenia has five altitudinal vegetation zones. They are semi-desert, steppe, forest, alpine meadow, and high-elevation tundra. The average elevation of land is 1,800 meters above sea level. Ararat Plain acts as a center of Armenia’s economy and culture. Hence population density is higher in this region. A significant number of people live in river valleys. No one lives above 7,800 feet.
Most of the country’s population consists of Armenians. The remaining population includes Kurds, Russians, Ukrainians, Assyrians, and other groups. The smaller communities are Vlachs, Mordvins, Ossetians, Udis, and Tats. Armenians follow the Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox) Church or the Armenian Catholic Church. The Armenians have maintained a rich Christian literary tradition.
Armenia’s birth rate is lower than the death rate. About one-fifth of the population of Armenia is under age of 15. And more than two-fifths of the population is under age 30. The average life expectancy is about 75 years.
Arable land is scarce in Armenia. Less than two-fifths of the total area is occupied by cultivated lands. Pastures and meadows cover one-fourth of the area. Farmlands in mountain regions have cornfields, vineyards, and orchards. Viticulture (cultivation of grapes and vines) is practiced mainly.
Armenia is a unitary multiparty republic. The President is the head of the state. The Prime Minister is head of the government and commander in chief of the armed forces. The judiciary consists of trial courts, appellate courts. Also, it consists of a Court of Cassation (the highest appellate court), and a nine-member Constitutional Court.
Eight-year schooling is standard in Armenia. There are trade schools, secondary specialized educational establishments, and institutes and colleges in the country. In addition to this, higher learning includes polytechnic, medical, agricultural, and theatrical institutes; and a conservatory.
MD (Equivalent to MBBS in India)
6 years (5+1 year internship)
$3,000 – $ 4,000 per year (2.2 lakhs to 2.9 lakhs INR per year)
Dry and continental
Armenian (English for the course)
Armenian dram (AMD); 1 AMD= 0.14 INR
$ 200 – $ 300 per year (15K – 22K INR per month)