Kyrgyzstan is a country in Central Asia. The capital of the country is Bishkek. Also, it is the largest city in the country. The neighboring countries are China, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Kyrgyzstan became independent on August 31, 1991.
Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous country. The highest peak of the country is Victory Peak. The lowland areas of the country occupy one-seventh of the total land area. Most of the people live in these lowlands. The Chu and the Naryn rivers are the important rivers of the country.
The climate of Kyrgyzstan varies regionally. The low-lying valleys have hot and dry summers. Depending on elevation, the northern foothills have dry continental to polar climate. The country receives annual precipitation of 100 – 500 mm. There are coniferous forests and woodlands along the lower valleys. Animals like brown bears, wild pigs, lynx, gray wolf, and ermine live in the woodlands.
The Kyrgyz are predominant in the country. They comprise about three-fourths of the population. In addition to this, the population of Kyrgyzstan includes Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians, and Germans. The other communities are Tatars, Kazakhs, Dungans, Uighurs, and Tajiks. One-seventh of the population is Uzbek.
Most people of Kyrgyzstan speak Kyrgyz. On the other hand, a minority of people speak Uzbek. Along with this, Russian is also spoken. About one-third of the population is urban. On the other hand, two-thirds are rural.
In Kyrgyzstan, the death rate is lower than the birth rate. Half of the population is under the age of 30. About one-third is under the age of 15. The average life expectancy is 75 years for women, whereas it is 67 years for men.
Kyrgyzstan has coal reserves and some petroleum and natural gas deposits. More than three-fourths of the country’s electric energy is provided by hydroelectric power plants. Some regions also have gold mines.
Kyrgyzstan is a unitary multiparty republic. It has one legislative house. The President is the head of the state. On the other hand, the Prime Minister is the head of the government. The judicial branch includes local courts and two high courts: the Supreme Court and the Supreme Economic Court.
The dominant religion of Kyrgyzstan is Islam. Apart from this, the other religions followed are Christian, Russian Orthodoxy, and others.
In Kyrgyzstan, the school system has primary, secondary, and high divisions within one school. The 11-year school system is followed in the country for graduation. The students, scholars, and officials study for specialized and technical training.
MD; Doctor of Medicine (equivalent to MBBS in India)
$3,500 – $ 4,500 per year (2.6 lakhs to 3.3 lakhs INR per year)
Kyrgyz and Russian (Russian/English for the course)
Kyrgyzstani som (KGS); 1 KGS= 0.88 INR
$ 100- $ 150 per month (7.4K – 11.1K INR per year)