Russia, also known as Russian Federation, is a country situated in Asia and Eastern Europe. By land area, it is the largest country in the world. Moscow is the capital of Russia and is the largest city in the world. The population of the country is about 146.6 million. The government of Russia follows the democratic form of rule.
The Arctic and the Pacific oceans surround Russia. The neighboring countries are Finland, Poland, Ukraine, Georgia, China, Norway, North Korea, and many more. To the north lie Arctic deserts while tundra and forest zones lie to the south. Russia has Lake Baikal, the largest freshwater lake.
Russia has a variable climate. Winter and summer are the only two seasons in Russia. Spring and autumn are brief periods of rapid change from one extreme season to the other. Extreme winter cold is the characteristic of Russia. Russia has a moderate to low amount of precipitation. There are about 40 to 200 days of snow across the Russian Plain. There are 120 to 250 days of snow in Siberia.
Russia is a diverse country with multiethnic culture. More than four-fifths of Russia’s population is comprised of ethnic Russians. There are more than 120 ethnic groups, speaking some 100 languages within the borders. The Russian Orthodox Church is identified as a major element of Russian culture. More than half of the country’s population (about 53.1%) follows it. In addition to this, Muslims constitute Russia’s second-largest religious group.
Russia is a federal republic and, a multi-party representative democracy. The President is the head of state. The President is also the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. The Prime Minister is the head of government. The legislature of the country is the bicameral Federal Assembly of Russia (parliament). It consists of the State Duma (lower house), and the Federation Council (upper house). The Chairman of the Federation Council (speaker) is the head of the legislature.
Russia has an upper-middle-income economy. Market reforms in the 1990s led to the privatization of much of Russia’s industry and agriculture. The economy of Russia is based on oil, gas, precious metals, agriculture, and arms exports. Russia relies primarily on energy revenues. 65% of Russia’s exports and 25% of its total revenue comes from energy.
Russia has the fourth-largest cultivated area in the world and is the third-largest grain exporter. It is the top producer of barley, buckwheat, and oats. In addition to this, it is one of the largest producers and exporters of rye and sunflower seed. Russia is also the largest exporter of wheat in the world.
The highest college-level or higher graduates in terms of percentage of the population in the world is in Russia (54%). The constitution of the country guarantees a free education system for all citizens. The 11-year school education was introduced in the 1990s. Education in state-owned secondary schools is free. With exceptions, university-level education is free.
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
6 years (5+1 year internship) for those who have chosen English as their medium.
7 years for those who have chosen Russian as their medium.
$2,933 – $ 8,400 per year (2.2 lakhs to 6.3 lakhs INR per year)
Cold and temperate in winters and warm in summers
Russian (Russian/English for the course)
Russian Ruble (RUB); 1 RUB= 0.99 INR
$ 2333 per year (1.75 lakhs INR per year)