Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the second-largest continent after Russia. The capital of Ukraine is Kyiv (Kiev). Ukraine gained independence in December 1991. The neighboring countries are Belarus, Russia, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, and Poland.
Ukraine lies in a temperate climatic zone. Moderately warm and humid air from the Atlantic Ocean influences the country. Winters are milder in the west. However, summers are warmer in the east. Precipitation is uneven in Ukraine. The lowlands have about 400mm of rainfall. On the other hand, the remaining areas receive 400 – 600 mm of precipitation.
The vegetation in Ukraine mainly consists of three zones. They are the Polissya (woodland and marsh), the forest-steppe, and the steppe. Along with this, Ukraine has diverse animal life. There are about 350 species of birds, 100 species of mammals, and more than 200 species of fish. The Carpathian region of western Ukraine has most of the country’s rich forestlands.
More than three-fourths of the population of Ukraine consists of ethnic Ukrainians. In addition, Russians constitute less than one-fifth of the population. The remaining population includes Belarusians, Bulgarians, Hungarians, Romanians, and other groups.
The majority of people in Ukraine speak Ukrainian. It is written in the form of the Cyrillic alphabet. On the other hand, the other significant languages are Polish, Belarusian, Romanian, Bulgarian, Crimean Turkish, etc. In addition, the most important minority language is Russian.
About half of the population of the country follows Eastern Orthodoxy. It is the predominant religion in Ukraine. Even so, the other religions followed are Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, Islam, and Judaism. In spite of this, about two-fifths of the people of Ukraine are not religious.
More than two-thirds of Ukraine live in urban areas. The population density is high in the southeastern and south-central areas of Ukraine. Most of the rural population lives in large villages. Most of these people practice farming.
Ukraine is a unitary republic. The administration of the country is divided into several provinces. The provinces are called oblasti. The cities Kyiv and Sevastopol carry the same status as oblast. The prime minister is the head of government. The president appoints the members of the cabinet and the prime minister. The cabinet is headed by the prime minister. The president has the power to dismiss the prime minister and the cabinet.
In Ukraine, children have to attend school for 11 years. The curriculum emphasizes Ukrainian history and literature. Young industrial and agricultural workers can continue their education without any interruption in their work. The ratio of students to teachers is low. About three-fourths of the teachers are women.
Ukraine has rich mineral resources. They are present in high concentrations. Ukraine has one of the richest areas of manganese-bearing ores in the world. They are located near Nikopol. Among Europe, coal mines in Ukraine are one of the deepest. The large reserves of brown coal provide energy for thermal power stations. In addition, Ukraine also has deposits of titanium ore, bauxite, alunite, and mercury ores.
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
6 years (5+1 year internship)
$4,500 – $ 7,500 per year (3.3 lakhs to 5.6 lakhs INR per year)
Cold and moderate
Ukrainian (Russian/English for the course)
Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH); 1 UAH= 2.69 INR
$ 150 per month (11.2k INR per month)